Cost of Endoscopy in Nigeria (2024)

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Endoscopy has emerged as a crucial medical technique, offering doctors a window into the internal workings of the human body. This advancement owes much to technological progress, enabling the diagnosis and treatment of various internal ailments. In this post, we delve into the significance of endoscopy, its cost in Nigeria, and what you should know about the procedure.

How Much does Endoscopy Cost in Nigeria?

Endoscopy, like many medical procedures, comes in different types, each with its associated costs. In Nigeria, upper endoscopy is the most prevalent and affordable option, ranging from N40,000 to N100,000. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy is also gaining popularity, priced between N45,000 and N65,000 in most medical facilities.

What You Should Know about Endoscopy

Endoscopy involves a non-surgical examination of the digestive tract using a flexible tube equipped with a light and camera. This device allows doctors to visualize the digestive system on a monitor. During upper endoscopy, the tube is inserted through the mouth to examine the esophagus and upper intestine, while lower endoscopy involves inspection of the colon, often via the rectum.

Types of Endoscopy

Specialized forms of endoscopy include Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), used to view structures like the pancreas and gallbladder, and Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS), combining endoscopy with ultrasound for detailed imaging of the digestive system.

When Do Doctors Recommend Endoscopy?

Doctors typically recommend endoscopy for various symptoms and conditions, including stomach pain, ulcers, difficulty swallowing, digestive bleeding, and colon abnormalities. It can also be used for biopsies to detect diseases or to treat gastrointestinal issues, such as stopping bleeding or removing gallstones.

Risks Associated with Endoscopy

While generally safe, endoscopy carries some risks, including infection, over-sedation, puncture, or bleeding. However, these complications are rare and can often be managed without surgery.

How Do Patients Prepare for Endoscopy?

Preparation involves fasting for upper endoscopy and bowel cleansing for colon examination. Sedation is typically administered to enhance patient comfort during the procedure.


Endoscopy has revolutionized medical diagnosis and treatment, offering a minimally invasive means to explore the inner workings of the body. While costs and risks exist, the benefits of accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment far outweigh these concerns.


Q: Is endoscopy painful? A: Endoscopy is usually well-tolerated, with sedation minimizing discomfort during the procedure.

Q: How long does an endoscopy take? A: The duration varies but typically lasts between 15 minutes to an hour, depending on the type and complexity of the examination.

Q: Are there any dietary restrictions before endoscopy? A: Yes, fasting is required before upper endoscopy, and bowel cleansing is necessary for colon examination to ensure clear visualization.

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