Cost of 100 Units of Electricity in Nigeria (2024)

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Electricity has become an indispensable part of our lives, powering our homes, businesses, and even our vehicles. In Nigeria, the cost of electricity has been a topic of concern for many, with questions arising about how tariffs are calculated and what factors influence them. In this guide, we’ll break down the basics of electricity pricing in Nigeria, compare it to other countries, and provide insights into the distribution companies operating in the country.

Understanding Electricity Costs in Nigeria

Since the privatization of Nigeria’s power sector in 2005, electricity pricing has varied across different distribution companies. The cost of electricity is measured in units, with tariffs set by each distribution company. For households, the average cost per unit is around N23.59, while for businesses, it’s approximately N38.53 per unit. These prices may vary slightly depending on your location and the specific distribution company in charge.

Comparing Electricity Prices Worldwide

To put Nigeria’s electricity prices into perspective, let’s compare them to other countries. While Nigeria’s prices are relatively moderate compared to some nations, they still fluctuate in the global context. For instance, the cost per unit in Nigeria is higher than in countries like Sudan and Libya but lower than in countries like the United States and Singapore.

Electricity Distribution Companies in Nigeria

Following the privatization of the Power Holding Company of Nigeria in 2013, the country’s power distribution was decentralized into smaller entities known as Local Electric Distribution Companies. These companies are responsible for distributing electricity within their respective jurisdictions. As of the latest update in 2016, Nigeria has 11 Local Distribution Companies, each covering specific regions of the country.

  1. Abuja Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  2. Benin Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  3. Eko Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  4. Enugu Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  5. Ibadan Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  6. Ikeja Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  7. Jos Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  8. Kano Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  9. Kaduna Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  10. Port Harcourt Electricity Distribution Company PLC
  11. Yola Electricity Distribution Company PLC


Understanding electricity costs in Nigeria involves considering various factors, including tariffs set by distribution companies, global comparisons, and the decentralization of the power sector. While electricity prices in Nigeria may not be the lowest globally, they are crucial for powering the nation’s development and improving the quality of life for its citizens.


1.How are electricity tariffs calculated in Nigeria?

Electricity tariffs in Nigeria are determined by distribution companies and are based on factors such as cost of production, distribution infrastructure, and regulatory guidelines.

2.Why do electricity prices vary between households and businesses?

The cost of electricity for households and businesses differs due to varying consumption patterns, infrastructure requirements, and regulatory considerations.

3.Are there plans to stabilize electricity prices in Nigeria?

Efforts are ongoing to improve the efficiency and reliability of Nigeria’s power sector, which could potentially lead to more stable electricity prices in the future. However, achieving this goal requires comprehensive reforms and investments in infrastructure.

4.Can consumers influence electricity prices in Nigeria?

While consumers may not directly influence electricity prices, advocacy for transparent pricing mechanisms and energy efficiency initiatives can indirectly impact the cost of electricity in the long run

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