Cost of Radiotherapy in Nigeria (2024)

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In recent times, the rise in reported cancer cases in Nigeria has raised concerns. While the causes of this disease remain elusive, advancements in treatment offer hope. Radiotherapy stands out as an effective method in managing and sometimes even curing cancer. However, its availability and cost pose significant challenges within Nigeria’s medical sector.

Cost of Radiotherapy in Nigeria:

The cost of radiotherapy in Nigeria varies based on factors such as the type of cancer, number of doses, hospital location, and the specific type of radiation therapy. Generally, it’s a costly procedure due to the involvement of complex machinery and multiple medical professionals. A full radiotherapy session can range from N300,000 to N1 million.

Understanding Radiotherapy:

Radiotherapy, also known as Radiation therapy, utilizes high-energy rays or subatomic particles to destroy cancer cells and prevent their growth. There are two main types: External and Internal radiotherapy. External therapy is typically outpatient-based, while internal therapy may require a hospital stay. Side effects vary depending on factors like cancer type and treatment dose but can include skin problems and fatigue.

Side Effects of Radiotherapy:

While radiotherapy effectively treats cancer, it can lead to side effects. Common ones include skin issues like itching and dryness, as well as fatigue. Some side effects may persist long-term, though severe complications like radiation recall are rare. This occurs as a rash resembling severe sunburn in areas targeted by radiation.

Progress in Radiotherapy:

Advancements in radiotherapy have improved accuracy, reducing side effects. Unlike chemotherapy, radiation therapy usually does not cause hair loss. Modern techniques target only the tumor area, minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.


Radiotherapy offers hope in the fight against cancer, despite its associated challenges. While costs remain high and side effects exist, ongoing progress in treatment methods enhances its effectiveness and minimizes adverse impacts on patients.


  1. Is radiotherapy painful? Radiotherapy itself is painless, but some patients may experience discomfort or side effects during or after treatment.
  2. How long does a radiotherapy session last? The duration of a session varies based on the type of treatment and the patient’s condition, but they typically last a few minutes to half an hour.
  3. Are there alternative treatments to radiotherapy? Yes, depending on the type and stage of cancer, alternatives like chemotherapy, surgery, or targeted therapy may be considered.
  4. Can radiotherapy cure cancer completely? In some cases, radiotherapy can cure cancer entirely. However, its effectiveness depends on various factors, including cancer type and stage.
  5. Are there financial assistance programs available for radiotherapy costs? Some hospitals or organizations may offer financial aid or payment plans to help patients manage the cost of radiotherapy. It’s essential to inquire with healthcare providers about available options.
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