Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria & Cost of Starting (2024)

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Are you considering venturing into the world of poultry farming in Nigeria? You’re onto something potentially lucrative! Poultry farming, encompassing both broilers and layers, offers a vast market for products like meat, eggs, and even dung. But before you jump in, it’s crucial to understand the costs involved and the steps to take for a profitable venture.

Understanding the Costs

  1. Land: Securing land is the first step. Whether you buy or lease, costs vary depending on location and farm size, ranging from N300,000 to N3 million per plot.
  2. Housing Construction: You’ll need housing for your birds. Options range from free-range systems to floor or cage systems. Costs for cage systems, suitable for layers, can range from N300,000 to N500,000 for 500 birds.
  3. Poultry Equipment: Various equipment like coops, feeders, and heaters are essential. For commercial farms, budget between N600,000 and N800,000, while smaller farms can expect costs between N60,000 and N210,000.
  4. Vaccination and Medication: To keep your birds healthy, vaccination is crucial. Budget between N200,000 and N260,000 for 500 chicks, with prices negotiable depending on your vet.
  5. Feeding: Feeding is a significant ongoing cost. For 500 birds, expect to spend between N150,000 and N300,000 per month, totaling between N2.7 million and N5.4 million for layers over 18 months.
  6. Purchase of Chicks: Chicks are your primary investment. Day-old chicks range from N500 to N1000, while point-of-lay birds cost between N2,500 and N3,000.

Tips for Starting Your Poultry Business

  1. Market Research: Understand your market, competitors, and potential customers through thorough research.
  2. Business Plan: Develop a detailed business plan or Business Module Canvas to guide your venture and attract investors.
  3. Supplier Selection: Choose reputable suppliers for healthy stock and quality feed to ensure productivity and minimize mortality rates.
  4. Capital: Secure funds for land, equipment, and startup costs through savings, loans, grants, or support from friends and family.
  5. Knowledge Gathering: Learn as much as possible about poultry farming through hands-on experience and insights from existing farmers.


Starting a poultry farming business in Nigeria can be a rewarding endeavor with the right knowledge, planning, and investment. By understanding the costs involved, conducting thorough market research, and implementing best practices, you can set yourself up for success in this lucrative industry.


Q: How profitable is poultry farming in Nigeria?
A: Poultry farming can be highly profitable in Nigeria due to the high demand for poultry products like meat and eggs. However, success depends on factors such as market demand, proper management, and controlling costs.

Q: What type of housing is best for poultry farming?
A: The best type of housing depends on factors like the rearing system and bird type. Cage systems are ideal for layers, while free-range or floor systems offer flexibility for broilers.

Q: How do I ensure the health of my birds?
A: Regular vaccination, quality feed, proper housing, and hygiene practices are essential for maintaining the health of your poultry flock. Consulting with a veterinarian for guidance is also recommended.

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