Cost of Rearing 100 Layers in Nigeria (2024)

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Are you considering venturing into poultry farming in Nigeria? Perhaps you’ve heard about the profitability of raising layer chickens but feel unsure about the costs involved and where to start. Fear not, because in this guide, we’ll break down everything you need to know about rearing 100 layers in Nigeria.

Understanding Layer Chickens

Layers are a popular breed of chickens in Nigeria, prized for their ability to lay eggs consistently. Unlike broilers, which are raised for meat, layers are specifically bred for egg production. They typically start laying eggs around six months of age, making them a lucrative investment for poultry farmers.

Cost Breakdown

Building a Poultry House:

The first step in rearing layers is setting up a suitable habitat for them. A well-ventilated poultry house is essential to ensure the chickens’ health and productivity. While the cost of construction varies depending on factors like location and materials used, opting for a battery cage setup is often recommended for layers.

Buying Day-Old Layer Chicks:

The cost of day-old layer chicks fluctuates based on market conditions and the number of chicks purchased. On average, you can expect to pay between N500 to N700 per chick. For 100 chicks, this translates to approximately N50,000, although it’s wise to budget slightly higher due to price fluctuations.

Vaccination and Medication:

Protecting your chicks from diseases is crucial for their survival and development. Vaccinations, particularly against common ailments like Newcastle disease, are essential. Consulting with a veterinarian can provide guidance on the necessary vaccinations and medications required.


Unlike broilers, layers have lower feed requirements. On average, you’ll need about 1.5kg of feed per chick for the first month, gradually increasing to around 1.8kg per chick in subsequent months. Budgeting for approximately 14 bags of layer feed, priced between N6,000 to N8,000 per bag, should suffice for the initial months of rearing.


Rearing 100 layers in Nigeria requires careful planning and investment in essential components such as housing, chicks, vaccinations, and feed. While initial costs may seem daunting, the potential returns from egg production make it a worthwhile venture for aspiring poultry farmers.


  1. How long does it take for layer chickens to start laying eggs? Layer chickens typically begin laying eggs at around six months of age.
  2. What is the best housing setup for layer chickens? A well-ventilated poultry house, preferably equipped with battery cages, is ideal for rearing layer chickens.
  3. How often do layer chickens need to be vaccinated? Layer chickens should receive vaccinations against common diseases, such as Newcastle disease, as recommended by a veterinarian.
  4. What is the average lifespan of a layer chicken? With proper care, layer chickens can live for several years, although their peak egg production usually occurs within the first two years.
  5. How profitable is layer chicken farming in Nigeria? While profitability depends on various factors, including market conditions and management practices, layer chicken farming can yield significant returns through consistent egg production.
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