Prices of Eggs in South Africa (2024)

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Eggs are a breakfast staple and a versatile ingredient found in many South African kitchens. But have you ever wondered why egg prices seem to fluctuate? Let’s break it down in simple terms.

What Influences Egg Prices?

  1. Supply and Demand: Just like any other product, egg prices are influenced by supply and demand. When there are plenty of eggs available but fewer people buying, prices tend to drop. Conversely, when demand is high and supply is low, prices go up.
  2. Production Costs: Think about all the resources needed to produce eggs – feed, labor, and energy costs. When these expenses increase, it’s likely that egg prices will rise too.
  3. Health Concerns: Health scares like bird flu can affect egg prices. If consumers are worried about the safety of eggs due to disease outbreaks, demand might decrease, leading to lower prices.
  4. Types of Eggs: Different types of eggs, such as free-range or organic, can also affect prices. Free-range eggs, for example, often cost more because of the higher production standards.

How Do Egg Grades and Sizes Matter?

In South Africa, eggs are graded based on their quality, with Grade 1 being the highest. Grade 1 eggs have thick shells, firm whites, and well-centered yolks. The size of an egg also matters, ranging from small to extra-large. Larger eggs tend to be more expensive and are often preferred for baking.

Historical Overview of Egg Prices

Over the past decade, egg prices in South Africa have steadily increased due to various factors. For instance, in 2010/11, the average price per dozen graded eggs was R11.98, but by 2023/24, it had risen to R21.86. This represents an 82% increase over the period.

Current Prices and Trends

the retail price range for grade 1 large eggs in South Africa is between ZAR 19.43 and ZAR 38.86 per kilogram. However, these prices can vary depending on location, brand, and egg size.


Understanding the factors that influence egg prices can help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. Whether you’re buying eggs for breakfast or baking, knowing why prices fluctuate can save you money in the long run.


1.Why do egg prices vary between stores?

Egg prices can vary based on factors like location, brand, and type of egg (free-range, organic, etc.). Stores may also adjust prices based on their own overhead costs and profit margins.

2.Are higher-priced eggs always better quality?

Not necessarily. While higher-priced eggs may be from free-range or organic sources, the quality can vary even within the same grade. It’s essential to check for freshness and inspect the eggs for any defects regardless of the price.

3.How can consumers save money on eggs?

Comparing prices between different stores, buying in bulk, and opting for larger pack sizes can help save money on egg purchases. Additionally, consider buying directly from local farmers or markets for potentially lower prices

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