Shipping from Nigeria to USA: Cost & Steps (2024)

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Are you a Nigerian entrepreneur eyeing the vast market in the United States? With over 300,000 Nigerians residing in the U.S., it’s no surprise that many are exploring avenues to export goods from Nigeria to the USA. However, navigating the process can be daunting. Here’s a simple guide to help you understand the requirements and steps involved:

Requirements for Shipping from Nigeria to USA:

  1. Commercial Invoice: This document details the goods, addresses of the buyer and seller, and payment terms.
  2. Bill of Lading: It’s a contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier, serving as proof of ownership.
  3. Consular Invoice: Some countries require this for controlling and identifying goods.
  4. Certificate of Origin: This states the origin of the export item and is obtained from organizations like the chamber of commerce.
  5. Inspection Certification: Certifies the specifications of the goods shipped, usually obtained from a third-party testing organization.
  6. Dock Receipt and Warehouse Receipt: Essential for transferring accountability when the export item moves domestically to the port.
  7. Destination Control Statement: Indicates authorized export destinations.
  8. Insurance Certificate: States the type and cost of insurance coverage.
  9. Export License: Obtained from government agencies like the Nigeria Export Promotion Council (NEPC).
  10. Export Packing List: Enumerates items in each package, used for cargo verification by customs officials.

Export Process Steps:

  1. Register with the Nigeria Export Promotion Council (NEPC).
  2. Complete and register Form NXP with authorized dealers.
  3. Nominate agents (forwarder).
  4. Get importer to open a letter of credit.
  5. Take out insurance policy for cargo.
  6. Pay all logistics services.


Exporting goods from Nigeria to the USA can be lucrative, but it requires careful planning and adherence to regulations. By understanding the necessary documents and steps involved, you can navigate the process successfully and tap into the vast opportunities available in the U.S. market.


  1. How do I register with the Nigeria Export Promotion Council (NEPC)?

    • Visit the NEPC website for registration details and export procedures.
  2. What is Form NXP, and why is it required?

    • Form NXP is required by the Nigerian Customs Service and involves completing and registering the form with authorized dealers to handle funds and transactions.
  3. Who are the key partners involved in the export process?

    • Key partners include forwarders, shipping companies, terminal operators, receiver’s agents, and importers. Each plays a crucial role in ensuring a smooth export process.
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